Causes and Symptoms of Weight Gain
Causes of Weight Gain
Research shows that many factors can prevent you from losing weight and contribute to weight gain.
The following are some factors that contribute to weight gain:
- Your genes: Genetics can influence how your body controls your appetite and how fast you can burn calories.2 However, even if you have a genetic predisposition to gaining weight, you can still control your weight by the choices you make in nutrition and physical activity.
- The amount of fat in your diet: The fatty content in the foods you eat have a higher probability of causing weight gain than the number of calories you consume.2 When you eat unhealthy fatty foods, the calories you consume are stored up in your adipose tissues (fat cells). However, when you eat healthy carbohydrates, protein, fruits, and vegetables, the calories you get are immediately converted into fuel for your activities2.
- Sedentary or active lifestyle: If you are not physically active, your adipose tissues will accumulate fat. This can lead to insulin resistance and increased caloric consumption. A combination of lack of exercise and eating calorie-dense foods leads to weight gain.3
- Mental health: Individuals who are experiencing depression or anxiety tend to be less interested in becoming physically active. Hence, they gain weight faster than others who do not have mental health issues.
Medical disorders: Some conditions can increase your chances of gaining weight. Some examples include:
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Neurologic disturbances
Symptoms of Weight Gain
A little weight gain does not cause any symptoms. However, excessive weight gain or obesity can result in the following symptoms, including2:
- Arthritis and other bone issues
- Adult-onset asthma
- Gum disease
- High cholesterol levels
- High blood pressure
- Menstrual irregularities or cessation of menstruation
- Fertility problems
- Shortness of breath
- Sleep apnea and other sleeping disorders
- Skin disorders
- Emotional and social problems